collision_routines.asm

CheckMoveLeft

This subroutine checks to see if a tile is to the left of the Player. There are two return statuses here:

Return Status

If Return = 1 Then a tile is to the left and that way will be blocked.
If Return = 0 Then a tile is not to the left and the Player can move that way.

CheckMoveLeft

;===========================================================================================
; 
; 
; X = sprite we want to check for 
; 
; Returns A = 0 we can move or A = 1 we are blocked 
; 
; Modifies A, Y, PARAM1, PARAM2 
; X register is left intact 
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_X,x ; PARAM1 will hold the adjusted X position 
sta PARAM1 
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_Y,x ; PARAM2 will hold the adjusted Y position 
sta PARAM2 
lda SPRITE_POS_X_DELTA,x ; Load X pos delta 
sec 
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_X ; adjust the delta for scrolling left/right 
bpl @noAdjX ; check to see if delta wraps to -1 ($FF) 
dec PARAM1 ; if the delta wraps, adjust the X char position

@noAdjX

and #%0111 ; mask the delta value back to a 0-7 value 
cmp #0 ; Check X delta to see if the sprite is 'flush' 
beq @checkLeft ; if it is, continue 
lda #0 ; else return with a 'clear' code 
rts
@checkLeft 
lda SPRITE_POS_Y_DELTA,x ; load the sprite delta Y pos 
sec ; subtract the current Y scroll 
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_Y 
bpl @noAdjY ; if it wraps, decrement the Y char position 
dec PARAM2

@noAdjY

and #%0111 ; mask back to a 0-7 value 
beq @checkLeft2 ; if adjusted delta Y is 0, we only need to check 2 
; characters 
; If not we need to check 3 characters 
ldy PARAM2 ; load adjusted Y char position (screen line) 
iny
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress ; Use screen_routines helper to fetch the address 
ldy PARAM1 ; fetch sprites X position 
dey ; sub 1 character (left) 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y ; fetch the character from screen memory 
jsr TestBlocking ; test for a blocking character 
bne @blockedLeft
tya 
clc 
adc #40 
tay
 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y 
jsr TestBlocking 
bne @blockedLeft 
lda #0 
rts

@blockedLeft

lda #1 
rts

CheckMoveRight

This subroutine checks to see if a tile is to the right of the Player. There are two return statuses here:

Return Status

If Return = 1 Then a tile is to the right and that way will be blocked.
If Return = 0 Then a tile is not to the right and the Player can move that way.

CheckMoveRight

; =============================================================================
; X = Sprite to check against
;
; Modifies Y, PARAM1, PARAM2
;
; Returns A = blocking code
; X register is left intact
;------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_X,x ; PARAM1 will hold the adjusted X position
sta PARAM1
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_Y,x ; PARAM2 will hold the adjusted Y position
sta PARAM2
lda SPRITE_POS_X_DELTA,x ; Fetch X Delta
sec
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_X ; Subtract the scroll count
bpl @noAdjX
dec PARAM1 ; increment PARAM1
@noAdjX
and #%0111 ; mask back to a range of 0-7
; No adjustment is needed
cmp #2 ; is new delta = 0?
beq @checkRight ; if so, we can check right
lda #0 ; otherwise give a clear code and carry on
rts
@checkRight 
lda SPRITE_POS_Y_DELTA,x ; Load the Y delta 
sec 
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_Y ; adjust by the current Y scroll value 
bpl @noAdjY ; if the delta goes below 0 adjust Y position 
dec PARAM2

@noAdjY

and #%0111 ; mask adjusted delta value back to 0 - 7 
; if Y delta is 0, we are flush on the Y axis, so only 
beq @rightCheck2 ; check 2 characters 
; Otherwise we are overlapping, so we need to check 3 
ldy PARAM2 ; Fetch the sprites Y character position 
iny ; add 1 (one character line down) 
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress ; fetch the address for the start of that screen line 
ldy PARAM1 ; fetch the sprites X position and store it in Y 
iny ; add 1 character (right) 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y ; fetch the screen character 
jsr TestBlocking ; see if it's a blocking character 
bne @blockedRight ; return if it is
@rightCheck2 ; check the 2 characters to the right of the sprite  
; get the sprite Y character coord 
ldy PARAM2 
dey ; subtract one (one character down) 
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress ; fetch the address for the start of that line 
ldy PARAM1 ; Load the adjusted X character position in Y 
iny ; add one character to the right 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y ; fetch the character 
jsr TestBlocking ; test the character for blocking 
bne @blockedRight ; exit and return the code if blocking 
tya ; Add #40 to the current X position 
clc ; this is the same as going down one block 
adc #40 
tay 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y ; load the character to CheckMoveDown 
jsr TestBlocking ; test it 
bne @blockedRight ; return the code if blocking 
lda #0 ; else return with a 'clear' code 
rts

@blockedRight

lda #1 
rts

 

CheckMoveDown

This subroutine checks to see if a tile is below the Player. There are two return statuses here:

Return Status

If Return = 1 Then a tile is underneath the Player and that way will be blocked.
If Return = 0 Then a tile is not underneath and the Player can move that way.

CheckMoveDown

; ============================================================================
; X = sprite we want to check for
;
; Returns : A = 0 we move or A = 1 we are blocked
;
; Modifies : Y,PARAM1, PARAM2
; X is left intact
;-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_X,x ; Fetch the sprites X character coord
sta PARAM1 ; PARAM1 will hold the adjusted Y coord
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_Y,x ; Fetch the sprites Y character coord
sta PARAM2 ; PARAM2 will hold the adjusted Y coord
; Adjust the Y Delta and Pos Y values
lda SPRITE_POS_Y_DELTA,x ; load the delta Y
sec 
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_Y ; subtract the Y scroll count
bpl @noAdjustY ; if it's less than 0, adjust Y pos
dec PARAM2
@noAdjustY 
and #%0111 ; mask back to 0-7 value 
; if adjusted delta Y is 0, we are flush 
beq @downCheck ; and do a character check 
lda #0 ; else return a clear code 
rts

@downCheck

lda SPRITE_POS_X_DELTA,x ; check the X delta, if it's flush (0) we only 
sec 
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_X 
bpl @noAdjX 
dec PARAM1
@noAdjX 
and #%0111 ; (mask at 0-7 pixels) 
beq @downCheck2 ; need to check 2 characters 
ldy PARAM2 ; load the adjusted Y character line 
iny ; increment to one line down 
iny 
iny 
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress ; load sprite X char position 
ldy PARAM1 
iny 
; inc X pos (left character) 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y ; fetch the character 
jsr TestBlocking 
bne @downBlocked
@downCheck2 
ldy PARAM2 ; load sprite Y char coord 
iny ; increment down one line 
iny 
iny 
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress ;saves data in ZEROPPAGE_POINTER_1 
ldy PARAM1 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y 
jsr TestBlocking 
bne @downBlocked 
lda #0 
rts @downBlocked 
lda #1 
rts

CheckMoveUp

This subroutine checks to see if a tile is above the Player. There are two return statuses here:

Return Status

If Return = 1 Then a tile is above and the Player can’t move that way.
If Return = 0 Then a tile is not above and the Player can move that way.

CheckMoveUp

; Checks ahead to see if this sprite can move up, or if it's going to be stopped by a blocking
; character
;
; X = sprite we want to check for
;
; returns A = 0 we can move or A = 1 we are blocked
;
; Modifies Y,PARAM1,PARAM2
;---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_X,x ; load sprites X character pos
sta PARAM1 ; adjusted X char pos will be in PARAM1
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_Y,x ; adjusted Y character pos
sta PARAM2 ; load sprites y character pos
lda SPRITE_POS_Y_DELTA,x ; load sprites Y delta 
sec
; subtract Y scroll value
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_Y
bpl @noAdjY ; if it wraps past 0 - adjust Y char pos
dec PARAM2

@noAdjY
and #%0111 ; mask back to a value of 07
beq @checkUp ; if it’s 0 – we are flush and do a check
lda #0 ; otherwise return with a ‘clear’ code
rts

@checkUp 
lda SPRITE_POS_X_DELTA,x ; load the sprite X delta value 
sec 
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_X ; subtract current scroll X value 
bpl @noAdjX ; if it wraps past 0 - adjust the X char pos 
dec PARAM1

@noAdjX

and #%0111 ; mask back to a 0-7 value 
beq @checkUp2 ; if we are not flush we need to check 2 characters 
ldy PARAM2 ; fetch the adjusted sprite Y char coord 
dey ; subtract 2 lines (up) 
dey 
dey  
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress 
ldy PARAM1 ; load adjusted X character pos 
iny ; inc X by 1 (one char right) 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y 
jsr TestBlocking 
bne @upBlocked

 

@checkUp2 
ldy PARAM2 ; load the adjusted sprite char Y position 
dey ; decrement (go up) by 2 lines 
dey 
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress 
ldy PARAM1 ; load adjusted X character position 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y 
jsr TestBlocking 
bne @upBlocked 
lda #0 
rts

@upBlocked

lda #1 
rts

CheckBlockUnder

This subroutine checks to see if a tile is underneath the Player. Useful when falling or object checking

Return Status

If Return = 1 Then a tile is underneath the Player and that way will be blocked.
If Return = 0 Then a tile is not underneath and the Player can move that way.

CheckBlockUnder

;=========================================================================================== 
; CHECK BLOCK UNDER 
;-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
; Check the block under the sprite for collision (usefull for things like ropes and chests) 
;-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_X,x ; PARAM1 will hold the adjusted X position 
sta PARAM1 
lda SPRITE_CHAR_POS_Y,x ; SPRITE_STACK_Y 
sta PARAM2 ; PARAM2 will hold the adjusted Y position 
lda SPRITE_POS_X_DELTA ; Fetch X delta 
sec 
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_X ; subtract the scroll count 
clc 
adc #3 
bpl @noAdjX ; if it's 0 or greater, don't adjust X position 
dec PARAM1 ; otherwise subtract 1 

@noAdjX 
and #%0111 ; Mask delta back to a value between 0-7 
beq @adjY ; we are flush on the X axis - do check on Y 
; Otherwise ?? I could do another set of lookups 
; based on 'non flush'
@adjY 
lda SPRITE_POS_Y_DELTA 
; Fetch the Y delta 
sec 
sbc SCROLL_COUNT_Y 
bpl @noAdjY 
dec PARAM2 
@noAdjY 
and #%0111 ; if we are flush on Y we only need to check 2 characters 
beq @underCheck2 ; otherwise we need to check 3

@underCheck

; PARAM2 - points to where the SCREEN MEMORY will be grabbing the Y register at. 
; So for example: If PARAM2 = 2 then the subroutine FetchPlayfieldLineAddress 
; will be then pointing to SCREEN2_LINE_OFFSET_TABLE_LO,y which uses the table exactly at 
; SCREEN2_LINE_OFFSET_TABLE_LO which reads as <byte SCREEN2_MEM + X, y 
; Therefore it translate to point to byte 40 (since this is 2nd on the list.) 
; Then 40 would be saved in ZERO_PAGE_POINTER_1 & ZERO_PAGE_POINTER_1 + 1
  
ldy PARAM2 ; fetch the adjusted Y position 
iny ; add one line (down) - SPRITE_STACK_Y, y 
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress ; Fetch the address for the start of the screen line 
; returned in ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1 
ldy PARAM1 ; fetch the sprites adjusted X character position 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y ; fetch the screen character 
jsr TestBlocking 
bne @blockingUnder ; exit if its a blocking char (shouldn't be)
 
; TO-DO exit if it's a special character to keep 
; our 'last test' intact
 
lda COLLIDER_ATTR 
bne @special_under ; A special block is under us - exit
@undercheck2 
ldy PARAM2 ; fetch the adjusted Y position 
dey 
; one line up 
jsr FetchPlayfieldLineAddress ; Fetch the address for the start of the screen line 
; returned in ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1 
ldy PARAM1 ; fetch the sprites adjusted X character position 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y ; screen data at SCREEN_LINE_OFFSET_TABLE_LO (screen memory) 
jsr TestBlocking 
bne @blockingUnder 
lda COLLIDER_ATTR 
bne @special_under 
tya 
clc 
adc #40 
tay 
lda (ZEROPAGE_POINTER_1),y 
bne @blockingUnder 
lda COLLIDER_ATTR 
bne @special_under 
lda #0 
rts

@blockingUnder

lda #1 
rts

@special_under

; return the 'special - not 1 or 2' 
rts
;=================================================================================================== 
; TEST CHARACTER FOR BLOCKING
;=================================================================================================== 
; Originally we had a simple check for blocking characters > 128. Using Charpad 
; we can test for attributes we encode in the upper half byte of the color info 
; Note : it seems you can't read this back directly from color ram, but we can 
; look it up easily enough given the character number. 
; 
; 
; 
; A = Character number we're checking against 
; Returns: A = 0 or 1 (clear - blocked) and stores the collison attribute so we can test against it 
; 
; Modifies A 
; Restores X, Y 
;--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
; COLLIDER CODES 
;---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

COLL_CLEAR = $

00 
COLL_FLOOR = $10 
COLL_STAIR = $20 
COLL_ROPE = $30 
COLL_WATER = $40 
COLL_OBJ = $50

TestBlocking

This subroutine checks to see what tile was blocking the Player or it returns an empty value

Return Status

If Return = 1 Then the tile character is returned that the Player bumped into.
If Return = 0 Then no tile was found near the Player.

TestBlocking

sta COLLIDER_ATTR ; save the info passed to us, we need to use A 
txa ; store X and Y on the stack 
pha ; the routines we go back to need these intact 
tya 
pha ; NEW - 2/1/20 
lda #0 
ldx COLLIDER_ATTR ; load the character number in X 
lda ATTRIBUTE_MEM,x ; fetch the attribute  
and #%11110000 ; mask the color info - leaving the attribute 
sta COLLIDER_ATTR ; store it so the rest of the program can use it 
beq @returnClear ; 0 is always clear - so return 
cmp #COLL_ROPE
beq @returnClear ; Ropes ($30) don't block 
cmp #COLL_WATER
beq @returnClear  
bne @blocking ; Blocking character (COMMENT OUT TO PREVENT BLOCKING)
@returnClear 
pla ; restore x and y off the stack 
tay 
pla 
tax 
lda #0 ; return 0 - A clear code
sta TESTBLOCK 
rts

@blocking

; ATM only basic collide info - if not 0, we're blocking 
pla ; restore X and Y from the stack 
sta TESTBLOCK 
tay 
pla 
tax 
lda #1 ; set to blocking and return 
rts

COLLIDER_ATTR

; A place to store our attribute, and read it later if needed 
byte 0 
TESTBLOCK byte 0 ; TestBlocking test 
TILE_DATA byte 0 
SPRITE_Y_ADJUST byte 0 
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